DO YOU KNOW WHAT “NURDLES” ARE?
Nurdles, or small plastic granules that are made into products like beads and washing powder tablets, are a major threat to the oceans. Nurdles can easily become entangled in marine life, and when they do, they usually break into smaller pieces that continue the cycle. Large numbers of nurdles can then build up over time, eventually accumulating in large quantities on the ocean floor.
Scientists have found many sources of nurdles in the oceans. One such source is wastewater treatment plants, which produce a large amount of nurdles and are often found in streams and rivers that empty into the ocean. Another source of nurdles is industrial waste. Plastics and other man-made materials can break down and become nurdles when exposed to ocean water.
When nurdles enter the ocean, they can harm all types of marine life. For example, some species mistake them for prey, ingesting them and falling ill as a result. Other animals can become trapped in them, which often leads to injury or death. Additionally, nurdles can release harmful chemicals when they decompose, which can lead to widespread contamination. Toxins can be released into the air, water, and food chain. As a result, humans can also be affected by these chemicals.
To prevent the spread of nurdles in the ocean, we must reduce the amount of waste we produce. Governments can help by regulating the use of plastics and encouraging companies to switch to more sustainable products. Individuals can also help by reducing their consumption of single-use plastic items. Recycling programs are also crucial in the fight to reduce plastic pollution.
Be Yara Oliveira